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Examples of Usage
For 17 of the 2,300 Vocabulary Words

abrogate circumscribe circumspect disingenuous disparate
egregious erudite eschew esoteric gregarious
ingenuous ingratiating objective ostensible palpable
panache sanguine

abrogate

  • The defense minister had to send troops unless he was willing to abrogate (end) his country's influence in the region.
  • Management abrogated (revoked) its agreement with the union.
  • The Supreme Court's decision could erode or even abrogate (rescind) the fifteen year old decision.
  • Governor Wilson made immediate enemies by abrogating (revoking) three of his predecessor's agreements.
  • The secretary of state thought it would be a mistake to abrogate (abolish) the treaty that was made four years ago.
  • Abrogating (invalidating) the dead woman's will would not be an easy task, with her wealthy nephew having an entire law firm at his command.
  • The vice president did not support the abrogation (voiding, abolition) of the treaty.

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circumscribe

  • Circumscribing (encircling) the town were the Pyrenees mountains.
  • Chief Justice Johnson clearly held that the judicial department is circumscribed (restricted) and limited by legislative intent.
  • She did the kind of circumscribed (limited) charity work that was available to young women of her class.
  • The more an owner opens up his property for use by the general public, the more do his rights become circumscribed (curbed) by the constitutional rights of those who use it.
  • Some say the president is a prisoner of the White House, where it often is said that winds of change frequently are circumscribed (hemmed in) by tradition and realism.
  • The school's academic freedom has been circumscribed (restricted).

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circumspect

  • The congresswoman had said that the air force general was sure to be indicted, but she was more circumspect (restrained) today.
  • After the Herald-American's expose of the actress's shenanigans, a more circumspect (restrained) approach was exhibited later in the week by the Post-Dispatch.
  • White House aides were circumspect (restrained) on television, but more forthcoming in anonymous interviews.
  • The diplomat is almost always unfailingly circumspect (cautious).
  • Most of the leaders of the mainstream organizations are circumspect (guarded) in their public utterances.
  • The coach suggested that his mouthy quarterback be more circumspect (politic, discreet).
  • His personal charity was done circumspectly (discreetly).
  • In the television version of the play, the language is relatively circumspect (discreet).

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disingenuous

  • He was asked why he did not write the book when his subject was alive to defend himself. The story was not yet finished, he replied, somewhat disingenuously (insincerely).
  • Her self-description was a bit disingenuous (dishonest).
  • He should have been more convincing, but he lost sympathy with answers that were slippery and disingenuous (deceitful).
  • The truth-in-lending crowd was guilty of the same disingenuous (uncandid) blather for which it criticized the manufacturers.
  • The publisher posted a disingenuous (mendacious, untruthful) memorandum to employees the day before the newspaper collapsed.
  • It was somewhat disingenuous (guileful) for congress to blame the president for the oil shortage when he has spent more time on the energy crisis than any other matter.
  • The book opened with a disingenuous (crafty) disclaimer.
  • Congresswoman Mills certainly was disingenuous (uncandid) in her denial that she would be a candidate.
  • The disingenuous (foxy, cunning, crafty) manner in which he used the power of his famous name won him more affection than he deserved.
  • Duplicitous and disingenuous (calculating) was the way that the company's former press secretary pictured the board chairman.
  • The supreme court justice's critics accused him of being disingenuous (uncandid) in his opinion writing.
  • Governor Flynn has been seen as disingenuous (insincere) by saying he was not a presidential candidate, but at the same time was not ruling out a draft.

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disparate

  • There are several common characteristics in the otherwise disparate (dissimilar) group.
  • She wrote for publications as disparate (different) as the Herald and the Tribune.
  • There were disparate (contrasting) sentencing guidelines in the two counties for identical crimes.
  • Students in the current events class wondered how life on this earth is for people as disparate (different) as a Ukrainian farmer and a Japanese stockbroker.
  • Medical research has shown so many disparate (contrasting) conclusions about vitamins, the public is confused about their effectiveness.
  • The new professional team was made up of very disparate (dissimilar) individuals.
  • The people who shaped foreign policy in the past four decades were a very disparate (dissimilar) group.
  • The reunion brought together two branches of a family so disparate (unlike each other) that the organizers worried that there would be a huge fistfight.
  • They joked about their disparate (divergent) backgrounds.
  • Governor Jackson offered a property tax plan that would cut business taxes, reduce tax rate disparities (differences) and simplify the state's arcane (unfathomable, incomprehensible) tax system.

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egregious

  • It was an egregious (flagrant) insult.
  • The attacks were of the most egregious (monstrous) nature.
  • She regarded the story as an egregious (obvious) breech of journalistic integrity.
  • The court should allow organizations to conduct their own affairs unless, of course, there is conduct so egregious (outrageous) as to constitute breach of the agreement between the parties.
  • The egregious (glaring) conduct justified the sentence.
  • The fingerprint identification error was so egregious (glaring), no court could overlook it.
  • He wrote the article to call attention to a particularly egregious (extreme) example of doublespeak.
  • It is an egregious (obvious) error for public officials not to respond to letters from the public.
  • The egregious (shocking) abuse of sports grammar was brought to the attention of the radio's general manager.
  • The fielding errors were not as egregious (flagrant) as the mental errors.
  • A most egregious (outrageous) insult was made by the main speaker.
  • The team's manager was known in earlier years to have made some egregious (conspicuously bad) blunders.
  • The journal editor claimed that the Herald's award-winning series was an egregious (obvious) case of building a news story on an earlier article in the journal.
  • Appointing the eccentric attorney to the bench was an egregious (glaring) error.
  • It was an egregious (gross) mistake for the road crew to start plowing before the blinding snowstorm ended.

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erudite, erudition

  • Although Johnson was a well-respected professor in graduate school, he also was a favorite of the less erudite (less well-educated) in town.
  • In the biography, the former president is portrayed as erudite (literate), witty and friendly.
  • The author's erudite (scholarly) yet fluent prose is a pleasure to read.
  • Sara is a voracious (avid, insatiable) reader who displays accumulated knowledge and erudition (scholarship).
  • Sally is a woman who is gifted not only with erudition (knowledge), but the intuition of genius.
  • The conversation between the theologian and the physicist was an exercise in erudition (learning, enlightenment).
  • Her musical erudition (knowledge) is suspect.
  • The book of quotations helps speakers and writers appear more erudite (learned, well-read, well-informed) than they really are.
  • The incumbent was concerned about debating his erudite (lettered, knowledgeable) opponent.
  • In his eulogy, the pastor spoke of Catherine's rare erudition (scholarship) and the purity of her soul.
  • Spending an interesting evening with an erudite (wise, learned, intellectual, literate) man was the fulfillment of a dream for Janice.

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eschew

  • Coach Davis eschewed (refrained from) wholesale substitutions, which was the practice of the previous coach.
  • Although he has worked at the state capitol for twenty years, he always has eschewed (abstained from) politics.
  • Only a small percentage of the group that was polled eschewed (steered clear of) any religious affiliation.
  • The congresswoman said she wanted no part of the political mudslinging and hoped her primary election opponent would eschew (renounce) it, too.
  • She adopted a style that her peers eschewed (avoided).
  • The presidential aides have eschewed (rejected), for the most part, the blandishments of Washington's more glamorous restaurants and prefer to eat at home or at the nearest diner.
  • The new chairwoman eschewed (shunned, abstained from) the luxuries favored by her predecessor.

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esoteric

  • When the subject was esoteric (profound), her listeners were more passive.
  • Professors in the philosophy department are very esoteric (cloaked, confidential, private, secret) in their tastes.
  • As the questions became more esoteric (difficult), the quiz team started to fail.
  • The new television program will focus on esoteric (recondite) subjects.
  • Negotiators agreed that professors teaching the more esoteric (profound) courses should have a lighter schedule.
  • Many esoteric (confidential, secret) experiments are going on at the engineering school.
  • Unlike its prosaic (uninteresting, trite, ordinary) cross-town rival, the Herald-American reporters search for esoteric (abstruse, recondite) material.
  • The citizen advisory board presented the city council with a somewhat esoteric (abstruse, difficult, recondite, deep, profound, incomprehensible) mayoral succession plan.
  • She asked an esoteric (deep), troublesome question.
  • The superintendent discouraged esoteric (difficult) courses such as music theory.
  • The researcher received a grant for what appeared to be an esoteric (secret), probing project.
  • The laborers asked surprisingly esoteric (profound) questions at their meeting with union officials.
  • She always had time to discuss esoteric (deep) subjects with her children.

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gregarious

  • Dan's chronic illness took away the gregarious (sociable) existence that he enjoyed until two years ago.
  • Known as a gregarious (genial, cordial) socialite, he also is a tough businessman.
  • Energy, candor and gregariousness (friendliness) are Vern's best traits.
  • He showed a hint of substance beneath his glossy, gregarious (talkative) exterior.
  • His gregarious (extroverted) public persona does not have a private counterpart.
  • Tedious work did not suit his considerable talent and gregarious (outgoing) nature.
  • She found him to be wide-shouldered, gregarious (affable) and good looking.
  • The gregarious (clubby) senior was elected to the all-college council.
  • Contrasted with his gregarious (convivial) predecessor, the new editor is a cerebral, tautly mannered person.
  • Driving a patrol car on the graveyard shift was difficult for the gregarious (sociable) officer.
  • The incumbent senator was more gregarious (approachable) than her introverted opponent.

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ingenuous

  • Her sense of humor is ingenuous (natural), often accidental.
  • She spoke enthusiastically about her client's rights in a tone that was both ingenuous (forthright, candid, sincere) and defiant.
  • The variety show hostess projects the image of an ingenuous (unsophisticated) and unaffected country western singer.
  • The ambassador is an exceedingly ingenuous (unaffected) entrepreneur who parlayed a modest investment into a five-hundred store grocery chain.
  • She is a rather ingenuous (trusting) person who loves everybody.

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ingratiating

  • She has an ingratiating (winning) smile.
  • The new editor tried to ingratiate (bring favor to) himself by assigning some of the newspaper's operations to the managing editor, but that only made him seem indecisive.
  • Jackson has an ingratiating (appealing) manner and a tough spirit.
  • The natives are not ingratiating (personable), but certainly are hardworking.
  • Anne Marie is a shy, ingratiating (sweet) girl who wears her hair in pigtails.
  • He was seen by his peers as being decent and ingratiatingly (pleasantly) frank.
  • The audience found her ingratiating (charming) and humorous.
  • He ingratiated (gained favor for) himself with the chamber of commerce when he promised not to move the baseball team to another city.
  • The president took steps to ingratiate himself with (put himself in the good graces of) congress.
  • The aggressive, ingratiating (obliging, courteous) reporter usually got her way in interviews.
  • He is most dangerous when he is most ingratiating (lovable, cordial). He has a great ability to persuade one to his point of view.

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objective

  • By any objective (equitable, detached, unbiased) standard, he was an outstanding executive.
  • Vern's pungent criticism was objective (dispassionate) and constructive.
  • The audience was asked to rate the objectivity (impartiality, open- mindedness), vision and obduracy (stubbornness, inflexibility) of the candidates.
  • One of the reform objectives (aims, goals) was a clean sweep of the country's rampant corruption.
  • As one of the most objective (uninfluenced, fair) syndicated writers, Robinson would be expected to render a candid account of the problems on Wall Street.

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ostensible

  • Official meetings were the ostensible (presumed, outward, implied) purpose of the senator's visit to Paris, but sightseeing seemed to be her only activity.
  • The book is a spoof of two ostensibly (seemingly) glamorous worlds: politics and professional football.
  • The ostensibly (supposedly, seemingly) neutral ambassador finally showed her preference of candidates.
  • Ostensibly (supposedly) about the professor, the article told of a local man who made fraudulent claims of being worth two million dollars.
  • Budget cuts ostensibly (purportedly) were adopted to facilitate the launching of a new product, but in reality were made because of a huge embezzlement by a vice president.
  • Ostensibly (apparently) the richest person in town, the owner of the grain elevator company seldom left a tip at the local cafe.

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palpable

  • His bearing was precise, his feeling about America palpable (obvious).
  • The sprint finalist went to the blocks in the palpably (manifestly) humid stadium.
  • He spoke in a palpably (noticeably) weary voice.
  • She is a woman of honest reputation and palpable (apparent) good will.
  • There is a palpable (discernible) sense of life going stale and sour for many in the country.
  • Sara had some motherly concerns, amidst her palpable (visible) pride over her son's election victory.
  • Tension in the board room was palpable (apparent) when the chairman sat down.
  • The father of the bride had a palpable (distinct) sense of relief after paying the bill for the reception.
  • There was a palpable (apparent, obvious) winning spirit on the team, long before its excellence was proven.
  • Hours after the jury foreman read the acquittal verdict, the dismay was palpable (evident, unmistakable) in the county attorney's office.
  • There was a palpable (detectable) bias in his description of the civil rights trial.
  • The boy failed in his attempt to break the high-jump record and his disappointment was palpable (observable).
  • The atmosphere of warmth and good humor was palpable (obvious) at the welcoming ceremonies.
  • She possessed many intangible assets, such as her palpable (evident) good will.
  • There was palpable (conspicuous) anger in the auditorium after the master of ceremonies denounced the protesters.
  • A back-to-basics mood is palpable (detectable) among those who are training to be ministers.
  • Negotiating is a palpable (sensible) alternative to a decade of war.

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panache

  • Perhaps she can restore some sense of panache (elegance, grandness), some aura of power to the office.
  • The young recruits were drawn into the group less by a dedication to social change than by hero-worship and the panache (glitter, boldness) of a life on the run.
  • She played the game with panache (spirit, enthusiasm).
  • She served the food with panache (gusto, Úlan).
  • The style and panache (good taste) of the newspaper are widely admired.
  • Under the new editor, the paper has retained its panache (liveliness).
  • With manners and panache (verve), he was well-liked even if his coaching record was mediocre.
  • The jury foreman delivered the Not Guilty in ringing tones with almost thespian (dramatic acting) panache (style, animation).
  • He has aplomb, a winning grin and a social panache (smartness).
  • Bill makes decisions quickly, and promotes them with panache (style).

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sanguine

  • With the administration's planned budget cuts, it is difficult to be sanguine (hopeful, confident) about the fate of America's institutions of higher learning.
  • Members of the search party saw a fire in the distance and were sanguine (optimistic) about the hunter's safety.
  • Doctors remained sanguine (confident) that the child would regain consciousness.
  • Republicans in Washington were not so sanguine (enthusiastic) about the Iowa Republican's chances.
  • Several pre-med students were not sanguine (optimistic) about their chances to be accepted in medical school.
  • She was supremely placid and sanguine (cheerful) in comparison with her mercurial husband.
  • Even though his team lost, the center was sanguine (lighthearted) and jovial in the post-game interview.
  • The congressman favored the proposed legislation, but he was not sanguine (optimistic) about the chances of it passing.
  • Middle-aged people are more satisfied with their lives than the young, but aren't as sanguine (buoyant, happy, sunny) as the elderly are.
  • The executive seemed sanguine (undespairing) about his losses in the stock market.
  • While the coach publicly said it would take several years to turn around the program, he was considerably more sanguine (confidant) in private.
  • The actress was sanguine (animated) when asked about her performance.
  • President Watson was sanguine (enthusiastic) and upbeat after the economic summit meeting.
  • One person particularly sanguine (optimistic) about her playing one more season is her coach.
  • The jurors were less than sanguine (glowing, elated) as they made their way to their homes after the sentencing.

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